Zenith, David Ward, At Bristol, Bristol. Photo: James Harris, courtesy of Bristol City Council.





At-Bristol is an 11 acre educational visitor attraction which opened in July 2000 as part of a £450 million urban rejuvenation scheme. Located in Bristol’s Harbourside the regeneration project was made possible through substantial grant funding from the National Lottery via the Millennium Commission. It includes the one of the largest public art commissions programmes in the South West region with works by eight artists including David Ward’s ‘Zenith’.


On the horizontal plane of Millennium Square, Zenith recreates the shape of an analemma – an elongated ‘figure of eight’. The top point of the figure of eight marks the highest position of the sun in midsummer and the lowest point midwinter. The curves and overlaps of the figure result from the changing inclination of the axis of the earth to the sun as the earth orbits the sun. 

Visitors to the square will see light moving towards and passing away from them as the 52 lights in the piece (corresponding to the number of weeks of the year) appear to move in waves across the square. The computer controlled light units provide brilliant and radiant points of light – providing a strong visual presence during daylight hours, as well as at night. 

David Ward is particularly interested in working with insubstantial light in contained environments and his work has been commissioned for many different venues, from galleries to swimming pools. 

He says of Zenith, “Zenith’s visual formation and its performance as a light work relate to the source image of the analemma on a poetic level, as an analogue rather than a literal, mechanical model, allowing broader associations of astronomy, observation, movement, time and dynamics to come to mind”. 

The At Bristol Commissions Programme 

The commissioning programme started in 1998/99, at the same time as the designs for the site were being developed. The commissions are all themed around the concepts of reflection and exploration. They include small-scale painted bronze sculptures Jasmine, and Bill and Bob by Cathie Pilkington, a large-scale bronze sculpture, Beetle by Nicola Hicks, and figurative bronzes of William Penn, William Tyndale and Thomas Chatterton by Lawrence Holofcener. Works using light include Zenith by David Ward which covers Millennium Square, and a text based work using neon light by Tim Noble and Sue Webster in the underground car park. William Pye’s large landscape piece using water, Aquarena, animates Millennium Square, while Simon Thomas’ sculpture Small Worlds, celebrating prize-winning physicist Paul Dirac, is in Anchor Place. An interactive digital work, Elematrix, by Tessa Eliot is inside the At-Bristol complex. With the exception of the two large works which are integral to Millennium Square, most of the works were made off-site and installed from 1999 and throughout 2000. 

Three architects were involved in transforming the At-Bristol site with new buildings and landscaped open spaces which would complement the existing architectural heritage. Wildwalk and the Imax cinema were designed by Michael Hopkins and Partners, and Chris Wilkinson Architects (now Wilkinson Eyre) designed the building for Explore. The open spaces and squares were carefully planned by The Concept Planning Group (CPG) to accommodate the artists’ commissions and to provide areas suitable for live entertainment, such as street performers. CPG was also responsible for overseeing the installation of the commissioned artworks and the subsequent period of snagging and problem resolution. 

The works have evoked a strong sense of ownership from local people and an emphatically positive reaction from visiting children and adults. 

Individual Commissions 

Aquarena by William Pye 

Millennium Square’s six unique, epic scale water sculptures which can also be drained to create a distinctive performance space. 

Beetle by Nicola Hicks 

Inspired by the Rhinoceros Beetle, an awesome presence: one of the world’s strongest creatures which can support up to 850 times its own weight on its back. 

Bill and Bob by Cathie Pilkington 

A life size tromp loil tableaux comprising of painted bronze jack russells, Bill and Bob, who swim in a puddle of rubber 

Cary Grant by Graham Ibbeson 

A life-size bronze of Hollywood legend Cary Grant commemorates the achievements of the actor, who was born and bred in Bristol. 

Small Worlds by Simon Thomas 

A dramatic 18ft cone expressing colour, light and heat. Commemorating Nobel Prize-winning scientist/mathematician, Paul Dirac. 

William Penn, William Tyndale and Thomas Chatterton by Lawrence Holofcener 

Spanning three centuries, Penn, Tyndale and Chatterton were all communicators who left a lasting legacy. Interact with them and temporarily distract them from their work. 

Zenith by David Ward 

A dramatic integrated light piece comprising 52 runway lights. Inspired by an analemma, the line traced by the sun recorded at noon over the course of a year, as used in the past by navigators, explorers and astronomers. 

For further information on the At Bristol public art comissions see the At Bristol website or the related links on this page.